Cotton production quadrupled with genetically modified crop

Virendra Singh Rawat
Lucknow / January 8, 2019
Domestic Cotton productivity and production has increased multifold over the past 15 years after the introduction of genetically modified (GM) cotton.


The cotton productivity more than doubled from 191 kg/hectare in 2002-03 to 477 kg/hectare in 2017-18 due to the adoption of BT Cotton. Similarly, cotton production increased more than 4 times from 8.62 million bales in 2002-03 to 34.89 million in 2017-18.


There is an established regulatory framework for approval of GM crops as per ‘Rules for the Manufacture/Use/Import/Export and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms, Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells, 1989’ under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.


The evaluation of GM crop application is done on case-to-case basis after a thorough examination of health, environment, food and feed safety assessment studies undertaken in a systematic and scientific manner as per guidelines, manuals and standard operating procedures stipulated by various regulators.


The data generated by the applicants is reviewed at every step in the development process of GM crops by various Statutory Committees, such as the Institutional Biosafety Committee, Review Committee on Genetic Manipulation and Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee.

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